From mid-May to September 1989, Ukrainian hunger-ed Catholics organized demonstrations at Moscow`s Arbat to draw attention to the plight of their church. They were particularly active at the July session of the World Council of Churches in Moscow. The protest ended with the arrest of the group on 18 September. On May 27, 1989, the founding conference of the Lviv Regional Memorial Society was held. On 18 June 1989, an estimated 100,000 worshippers attended public services in Ivano-Frankivsk, western Ukraine, responding to Cardinal Myroslav Lubachivsky`s call for an international day of prayer. On the other hand, structural relations have a more deterministic view in which the Soviet dissolution is the result of deep-rooted structural problems that planted a “ticking time bomb”. Edward Walker, for example, argued that although minority nations were denied power at EU level, although they were confronted with a culturally destabilizing form of economic modernization and subjected to some russification, they were reinforced by several policies pursued by the Soviet government (for example). B, indigenization of leadership, support of local languages, etc.) that have created conscious nations over time. Moreover, the fundamental legitimating myth of the Federal System of the Soviet Union – that it was a voluntary and reciprocal union of allied peoples – facilitated the task of secession and independence.  On 25 January 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin supported this view and called Lenin`s support for the right of secession of the Soviet republics a “ticking time bomb”.  Gorbachev believed that a better Soviet economy depended on better relations with the rest of the world, especially with the United States. Even when President Ronald Reagan called the U.S.S.R.
an “evil empire” and launched a massive military build-up, Gorbachev promised to withdraw from the arms race. He announced the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, where they had waged war since 1979, and reduced the Soviet military presence in the Warsaw Pact peoples in Eastern Europe. On 19 August 1991, Gorbachev`s Vice-President Gennadi Janaev, Prime Minister Valentin Pavlov, Defence Minister Dmitry Jazov, KGB chief Vladimir Kryuchkov and other senior officials prevented the signing of the trade union contract by the formation of the “General State Emergency Committee”, which assigned Gorbachev – to Foros in Crimea – at home and interrupted his communications.